Tomato "Goldfish": description and characteristics of the variety, care and cultivation
Orange tomatoes of the Golden Fish variety combine a striking appearance and good taste. These tomatoes will add variety to your daily diet and will be a good harvest for the winter. We will describe further what kind of variety it is, how attractive it is and how to grow it.
Description and description of tomatoes
The Golden Fish variety was bred by Russian breeders in the 90s at the Giskov firm, which was engaged in seeds. And since 1999, this variety was put on free sale and became available to everyone. He quickly fell in love with domestic gardeners because of his properties and soon gained high popularity.
These tomatoes are suitable for growing in various climatic zones, for planting both in open ground and in greenhouses. The main features of this variety:
- "Goldfish" is a mid-season variety. Tomatoes ripen 110-120 days after planting in the ground.
- The fruits weigh from 90 to 100 g, so you can close them in jars intact.
- It has a high yield. From 1 m² per season, you can collect up to 10 kg of tomatoes.
- The fruits are oval, plum-shaped, hanging on clusters of clusters of 8 pieces. Ripe tomatoes have a bright orange color.
- The inflorescence is simple and forms quite high - after about the 8th leaf. Further inflorescences are formed after every 3rd leaf.
- The bush grows up to 2 m in height, so it needs to be tied in time to the backup.
- Fruits that were ripped still green ripen well at home on the windowsill, without losing their taste.
- The variety is resistant to late blight, so it can be grown in places where fog lingers and dew falls.
- Golden fish tomatoes are well stored and do not rot. Sometimes they can last until the New Year.
- The fruits are quite dense in the middle, juicy and have a sweet taste. Their skin is thin, so sometimes it cracks due to a lack of minerals.
- These tomatoes can be served fresh, used in the preparation of various dishes, as well as canned.
Pros and cons of the variety
The fruits of the Golden Fish, like other yellow varieties, contain a lot of beta-carotene.
- In addition to this, the variety also has a number of its specific advantages:
- great taste with a sweet touch;
- resistance to such a tomato disease as late blight;
- these tomatoes bear fruit for a very long time, right up to the first frost;
- well transported and do not deteriorate after transportation;
- the fruits are stored for a long enough time, even if they are left to simply lie fresh;
- unusual tomato shape and bright color make it possible to aesthetically diversify conservation;
- the variety adapts well to various weather conditions;
- characterized by a stable crop.
- However, in addition to the mass of advantages, the "Golden Fish" has negative qualities, which gardeners sometimes complain about:
- a tall and bulky bush, which requires mandatory garter, otherwise the plant will simply break;
- due to poor nutrition, the fruits may crack;
- the variety is subject to some tomato ailments;
- sometimes gardeners complain about the small fruits and lack of taste of this tomato (but this is more likely due to the conditions of its cultivation);
- long period of bush growth and late ovary;
- due to the active appearance of leaves, this variety must be dived.
Did you know? Yellow tomatoes are more meaty than red ones, and they contain less water. Moreover, the calorie content of “sunny” tomatoes is much less than their red counterparts.
Features of sowing and growing
The agricultural technique of cultivating the Golden Fish tomato is not much different from other varieties, but still has some subtleties.If you want to get a good harvest in the future, you need to know what conditions need to be created for this variety, from seed germination to planting seedlings in the ground.
What should be the microclimate
From the moment of seed germination, tomato sprouts need to provide the maximum amount of sunlight and maintain a favorable temperature. The air should always be warm, with a temperature of 22 to 24 ° C. If the air temperature drops below 15 ° C, then the growth and flowering of the bushes are suspended. The heat also has a detrimental effect on the plant: at 30 ° C, the tomato drops flowers and can get burns on the leaves. Nighttime air temperature should be 5 ° C lower than the daytime - this will allow the plant to spend less energy on breathing at night. To ensure comfortable growth conditions, it is necessary to maintain optimal humidity from 60 to 70%. If it is higher, then the pollen on the tomatoes may stick together, and if the air humidity is low, the tomato will simply not ovate. Although the Golden Fish variety is resistant to moisture, you should not abuse moisture, because the stem of young plants can infect rot.
Daylight hours, both for seedlings and for large bushes, should be from 8 to 16 hours, while the transition from light to dark should be smooth.
The lack of lighting can lead to the fact that the plant is stretched in height, and its stem will be very thin. The tomato will not form inflorescences for a long time, and the leaves will become pale and small.
To obtain an early tomato crop, sowing should be carried out already in the second half of February. Seeds can be laid in the ground both dry and pre-soaked. The second method allows the seeds to germinate at approximately the same time.
Soaking the seed material can be done in a moist piece of natural fabric or gauze, but not in cotton wool, since the resulting sprouts can become tangled in the fibers and break.Already wrapped seeds need to be placed for a couple of days in a warm place, then they can quickly swell. If you want to get sprouts right away, then these bundles need to be left near the battery for a week.
After final readiness for cultivation, the seeds are planted in boxes or cups at a distance of at least 2 cm from each other. At the same time, the earth should be quite loose and well moistened. Best seeds will grow in a mixture of peat and sand. It can be prepared by yourself, mixing these elements in equal amounts, or you can buy a ready-made mixture in the store.
After laying the seeds, they need to be covered with soil with a thickness of a ball up to 1.5 cm from the top and watered. Then the container with future seedlings should be covered with a film and left until emergence.
Important! Before the sprouts hatch, it is not recommended to water the crops, as this will compact the soil and it will be difficult to shoot it to shoots.
After seed germination, it is necessary to transfer the box with seedlings to a bright place. The temperature in the room should be about 24 ° C.
As soon as the first tomatoes have risen, they can be poured from a fine sieve, and with the appearance of the first leaves, you can pour a little more soil into the container, preferably not more than 3 cm.To prevent seedlings from decaying, you can water the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for prevention. This should be done 1 time in 10 days.
Dates and proper planting of seedlings
Seedlings are best planted approximately 60–70 days after seed germination, usually in April or May. It is better to plant it in the traditional way, however, if the seedlings are very elongated, you can put them in the ground lying, while the stem must be immersed in the ground to a height of up to the first leaf. In order to protect seedlings from diseases, you can spray it with a solution of copper oxychloride in a proportion of 30 g per 10 liters of water. Bushes should be planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other, and spaces between rows should be made from 60 to 70 cm. The depth of the landing pit should be approximately from the bayonet of the shovel.At the bottom, you can fill up a teaspoon of mineral fertilizer. But manure should not be laid under tomatoes, especially if it is fresh - this can destroy seedlings due to the high content of urea or cause abnormal growth of the bush, whose forces will go into the green mass, and not into the formation of fruits.
In this regard, it is better to lay manure in the tomato bed since the fall, and if you have not done so, then in the spring you can add humus or compost to the soil.
This tomato is not very whimsical and always gives a fairly good harvest. But the better you take care of this variety, the more fruits you can eventually collect. The most important thing in caring for the "Golden Fish" is to adhere to strict standards of watering, weeding, fertilizing, tying, etc.
Top dressing and watering
During the season, top dressing of tomatoes is carried out not very often - about 3-4 times. Fertilizer products can be bought in a specialized store or prepared independently by mixing cow manure with water at a rate of 1: 2. You can also dissolve 700 g of a mixture of bird droppings and cow manure in 1 bucket of water.
The first top dressing must be carried out already 14 days after planting the bushes in the ground, watering the plants with fertilizer. The second time the tomatoes are fed while inflorescences begin to appear on the plants. At this time, for feeding, it is best to use a solution of superphosphate in the ratio of 1 glass per 10 liters of water.
For the third time, fertilizer for tomatoes should be made already with the advent of the first fruits. At this time, the best tool will be a solution of mullein with complex fertilizer in the amount of 100 g per 1 liter. Under each bush, you need to pour 2 liters of solution. But this procedure should be carried out only if the fruits are already tied.
You can also use spraying as a top dressing. To do this, you need to dilute 1 tablespoon of superphosphate in 10 liters of water.In addition to top dressing, it is necessary to do the prevention of various diseases. To do this, tomato bushes need to be watered with preparations containing copper. Under each bush, 5 liters of solution are poured every 3-4 days.
As for irrigation, its frequent use is detrimental to these plants. Tomatoes were originally brought from an arid climate; therefore, they are rarely deficient in moisture. But if the weather turned out to be arid or the tomato grows in a greenhouse where rains do not penetrate, then the plant should be watered every week. After watering, the earth around the bushes needs to be loosened, and moist soil should be added to the roots. Thus, more roots are formed on the plant and it will receive an increased dose of trace elements, which will ultimately bring a rich harvest.
Important! It is better to water and fertilize tomatoes early in the morning or in the evening. Water for irrigation should be directed under the root so that it does not fall on the leaves.
Step-planting and bush formation
This tomato variety is indeterminate (that is, growing constantly), and it is recommended to pinch it so that the bush is formed into 1 stem. In this case, all the shoots on the tomato need to be removed, even those that are located at the very bottom of the bush, leaving only peduncles. In addition, it is necessary to cut off all bifurcated shoots, and if the tip has split in two, it is recommended to leave the strongest side, and also to remove the weaker shoot. Pasynkovka must be carried out with a frequency of 7 days, which will allow the bush to take the maximum amount of light and ventilate well.
Also, when growing single-stemmed tomatoes, they usually use the scheme proposed by the American vegetable grower Mittlider, according to which all tomatoes should be planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other. And the rows need to be separated from each other by 140 cm.
Soil cultivation and weeding
Soil loosening under tomatoes should first be done during irrigation, so that the water is better absorbed.You should also cultivate the land between the rows every 2 weeks, while weeding the bed.A few weeks after planting the tomatoes, it is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 cm, and not more than 8 cm near the plants themselves, so as not to touch the root system. However, the depth of cultivation depends on the structure of the soil: if it is too heavy, then you need to loosen it deeper, but not near the roots. You can also use mulching, which will allow you to better warm the soil.
At a time when the plants have grown enough, in addition to loosening, hilling is added to the care of tomatoes. This procedure allows the formation of subordinate roots on the stem and protects existing ones from exposure. Hilling should be done for the first time in the 3rd week after planting tomatoes in the ground. If necessary, the next time you can repeat the procedure after 10-15 days. Hilling is carried out by damp earth, which can be additionally fertilized with humus.
This variety is resistant to rot, but excessive humidity and a long period of rain and fog can cause top rot on tomatoes. In this case, the plant must be treated with a solution that will contain 1% copper and potassium. Also, this ailment may appear from a deficiency of calcium and potassium.
Another enemy of the Golden Fish is the aphid. This pest is easily eliminated by tobacco dust.Aphids on tomatoes The Colorado potato beetle is also capable of harming your tomatoes quite strongly. With a large number of bushes will be eaten in a couple of days. Therefore, it is important to treat the bushes with special tools such as Aktara or Mospilan. Spraying with drugs must be done a couple of times. If there are few bushes on your bed, then you can collect the pests manually. To prevent the appearance of a bug, you need to inspect the bushes as often as possible and immediately remove the eggs, larvae or insects themselves.
Also, tomatoes can affect whiteflies and potato scoops. They can be removed using the same means as the Colorado potato beetle.
Did you know? Urologists do not recommend eating yellow tomatoes with products containing starch, as this can lead to the formation of kidney stones and gall bladder.
Dates of fruit collection and storage
Typically, the harvesting of these tomatoes takes place, starting in August and ending in October. The main rule is to prevent the fruits from overriding, then the properties of these tomatoes will not be lost.
The fruits themselves are easily removed from the stalk, which allows not to damage the bush. In addition, you can pick up slightly browned tomatoes, because tomatoes of this variety can ripen perfectly, not being on the bush.
Many gardeners consider the Golden Fish variety to be one of the best yellow tomatoes, because it perfectly combines pleasant taste and high yield. And with proper care for these tomatoes, you can avoid the appearance of diseases and pests and get a rich harvest as a result.