Chickens barnoveld characteristic, maintenance and care
Breeders breed breeds of chickens that can simultaneously lay eggs and build up meat mass. But there is such a species, whose representatives have answered such requests for many centuries - the barnelder meets the requirements for both egg production and meat. And in the form of a “bonus” these birds carry beautiful chocolate-colored eggs.
The history of the breed
The breed has Dutch roots, and it was bred from the mid-19th century to lay eggs of the original dark brown color. The first experiments on breeding local breeds with Kokhinkhins and breeding a new species in 1850 began to be conducted by the farmer Van Esvelde in the town of Barneveld.
The selection did not bring a full-fledged result, because the birds did not always carry the “right eggs” - red and orange came across in the clutch. Because of this, the breed has not been recognized for a long time.
The formation of the species was completed at the beginning of the 20th century, and representatives of many other chicken participated in its creation: Rhode Island, Brama, Indian pheasant fighting. The first standard was described in 1910. Since then, this beautiful chicken has its place in the international classification.
Beautiful bright birds do not produce the impression of “klush”, although they are quite large. Their appearance is individual and very interesting.
Important! The color of eggs laid by barnvedealers can vary significantly - from light brown to thick chocolate. Differences in color palette do not affect the taste of the product at all.
The breed of chickens has excellent aesthetic data, which together with quality indicators make it possible to consider its individuals as elite representatives of the species.
Exterior features are shown in the table:
|Head||Medium or small|
|Crest||Red, small, leaf-shaped, erect|
|Chest||Developed, expanding down|
|Wings||Short, beautifully colored|
|Paws||Yellowish in roosters, gray-yellow in hens|
|Tail||Short, dense, fluffy|
|Plumage and color||Thick plumage, classic red brown, dark blue, white or black color|
The flexible nature of the bird has made it a popular breeding target throughout the world. If this chicken has free space and quiet neighbors, then it will perfectly walk and carry weight.
Important! Despite the need for a large chicken coop, representatives of the breed lead a slow lifestyle, which leads to obesity and leg diseases.
Unpretentiousness to the conditions of keeping and a benevolent character makes this bird a desirable object for keeping and breeding.
Advantages and disadvantages
With all the good qualities of the breed, there are negative traits that do not reduce its quality at all.
- The positive features of the barnelder:
- calm friendly character;
- beautiful appearance;
- unpretentiousness in the maintenance and nutrition;
- high egg production;
- fast weight gain.
- There are few negative qualities, but they are:
- low activity and the possibility of obesity;
- foot disease
- need for space for walking.
Features of keeping at home
Outside of a specialized farm, the conditions for keeping the breed should be as close as possible to the farm. These birds are unpretentious, but some of their requests, such as a large walking yard, can be difficult to implement.
Learn also about the features of the content of such meat and egg breeds of chickens as Oryol, Pavlovskaya, Orpington, Sussex, Wyandotte, Tsarskoye Selo, Kuchin's anniversary, Zagorsk salmon, foxy chick, and maranas.
Space and fresh air are the main factors in the maintenance of this breed. An ordinary chicken coop with standard living conditions and artificial lighting for those days when there is not enough natural light is suitable for barnvedealers. The building can be either wooden, or with brick or masonry.There should be no cages - these chickens love walking, which has a significant effect on their egg production. With insufficient space for walking, the legs of the pets atrophy. The room needs a window through which daylight and fresh air enter the house.
The chicken coop must meet the following requirements:
- sizes - based on 3-5 pets per 1 square. meter;
- the floor is any, to retain heat it is necessary to cover it with clay, and sawdust or sand is poured during the winter;
- temperature - even in an unheated chicken coop, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 18 to 25 ° C;
- perches are made at a height of 1 m from wooden beams with a diameter of about 5 cm, the distance to honey perches is 30 cm;
- nests are constructed from improvised materials (straw, sawdust, sunflower husk, fluff) in darkened corners.
Preparation for frost consists in capping all the holes, laying warm litter and sealing windows in the chicken coop for the winter. The bed of straw should be soft, constantly cleaned, changed and dry; this will help chickens keep their feet warm.
Did you know? Roosters of the barnoveld breed are very calm and solve all problems with competitors without a fight. Birds even let people pet and brush themselves.
Given the desire of representatives of the breed to walk, a patio for their walking is a must. Birds will be happy to walk in any weather, except in severe frosts. In the courtyard you need to equip a feeder and a drinking bowl (trough or gutter), as well as a canopy from the summer sun.Contrary to stereotypes that hens do not fly, representatives of this breed are able to overcome a small fence. They can harm the host and neighboring plantings. Therefore, the place for walking the birds needs to be protected with a sufficiently high fence - a netting netting up to two meters high is suitable.
Birds will be delighted with installed containers of sand and gravel, which are important for their digestion. If the surface of the walking yard allows you to find the necessary pebbles yourself, then you can not waste time installing special containers with filler.
Feeding troughs and drinking bowls
This breed is not picky in food, so chickens eat almost everything that is fed to the feeder. And the very device of the feeder is not important, since the unpretentiousness and physical condition of the birds allow them to eat even from uncomfortable narrow troughs. The same applies to drinking bowls - any containers with clean, fresh water will help pets feel good.
Birds need to install a separate feeder for shells and chalk, they need them to get a serving of calcium. A small box or box (50 x 50 cm) with ash and sand is also placed.
Shedding takes place every year in the fall. This is a natural process. The old plumage, as well as the upper layer of the skin are replaced by new ones. If molting occurs in early warm autumn, chickens tolerate this process quite simply. Shedding under winter colds can be dangerous for barnelveders.
In this case, it is better not to walk the bird, but to keep it in the chicken coop. The plumage change lasts about 2.5 months, hens do not rush at this time.
Age problems and herd replacement
The meat breed of chickens is most often kept for two years, and the meat and egg (the barnelder belongs to them) can be in the herd for 3-4 years, while maintaining high egg production. During the last year of useful maintenance, it is necessary to prepare new individuals for the herd.
With age, the taste of chicken meat decreases, and then you need to choose: or another year of laying eggs, or slaughter a bird to sell meat.Given the fecundity and other positive characteristics of the breed, most farmers choose a slaughter of pets, updating the herd of young animals with high rates of weight gain and egg production.
What to feed
Representatives of the breed eat almost everything that the owners offer them. And at the same time they are "able" to benefit the body from any food.
Did you know? One of my favorite foods barnvedealers are annelids, which chickens are able to independently obtain, digging from the ground.
Although the birds are not finicky, to use their beneficial qualities, feeding should be appropriate.
The following feeds are used for nutrition:
- dry cereals - all cereals, buckwheat, bran and combined mixtures;
- vegetables - fresh and boiled;
- greens - fresh or dried ground;
- source of calcium - bone meal, crushed eggshell, mineral supplements.
Feeding babies is not too different from the diet of adult chickens.Small chickens eat small grains of cereals - millet, wheat, barley, rye, oats. They will also be happy to chopped fresh or boiled vegetables - carrots, beets, zucchini. You can also add greens to the diet, especially chickens like nettle, which must be finely chopped before serving.
The breed of chickens barnoveldar brings to its owners not only food "bonuses". These beautiful and flexible birds are capable of delivering aesthetic and emotional pleasure to those who are able to put their soul into their breeding.